Psychoanalysis can be defined as a set of theories and also therapeutic techniques that are related to the study of the unconscious mind, that is organized to create a method of treating the disorders that affect mental health. This theory uses the statements of Sigmund Freud who is well known as the father of psychoanalysis. This modality advanced and was used for the patients who did not respond to the psychological treatments and the medical treatments that were being used at that period. Psychoanalysis has remained a strong influence within the field of psychiatry in some subjects than others.
There are also some basic tenents that can describe Psychoanalysis. One of the tenant Is than an individual’s development can sometimes be determined by the events that he or she forgot when they were still children and rather than inheriting the traits. The other tenant is that human behavior and cognition can be determined by the instinctual drives that are mainly found in the unconscious. The other tenant is that any effort to bring those drives into recognition can trigger resistance in the form of defense mechanisms and in particular repression. The conflict that is found between the conscious and the unconscious can be trigger mental disturbances like neurosis, anxiety as well as depression. The unconscious material can also be seen through dreams and the unintentional acts and this can be through mannerisms and the slip of the tongue.
Sigmund Freud also believed that some problems or disorders originate from the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person. The behaviors are however buried within the unconscious mind the motive of psychoanalysis, therefore, is to help the patients or the clients to tap into the unconscious mind so that they can recover the repressed emotions and the forgotten experience that they had in the past that are found now. The study also allows a better understanding of how the unconscious mind operates. Therefore, the clients might have insights into the internal motivators that will drive their thoughts and their behaviors. This will, therefore, enable the client to work towards having changes in the negative and destructive behaviors and focus on the positive.
The work of the psychoanalyst is to offer therapy. The psychoanalyst will listen to the patients or clients as they discuss their fantasies, dreams and as they tell their experiences. The psychoanalyst will them search for the recurring patterns or the events of the past that may be included in the current problems that the client is facing today. Other duties of the specialist is to also meet with the clients individually. He or she will also hold sessions with the clients weekly for an amount of time. They will also encourage the patients to identify their emotional states. They also ensure that whatever they discuss with the client is kept private or confidential. They also keep notes of what the clients tell them in every session. This way, they may come up with ways to help the client so that they can regain normalcy