1.Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster
3. Kyoto Protocol
4.Hubbert Peak Theory
Signed on March 15, 1999, the Kyoto Protocol is an agreement under the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Countries that ratify commit to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicts a rise in temperature of 1.4° C (2.5° F ) to 5.8 °C between 1990 and 2100.
If successfully and completely implemented, the Protocol will reduce that increase between 0.02 °C and 0.28 °C by 2050.
The U.S. is a signatory to the protocol, but has neither ratified nor withdrawn.
The Senate stated that the U.S. should not sign any protocol that did not include binding targets and timetables for both developingand industrialized nations.
President George W. Bush indicated that he does not intend to submit the treaty for ratification because of the strain he believed it would put on the economy.
He emphasized the uncertainties which he asserts are present in the climate change issue.
The Hubbert Peak Theory states that oil reserves are not replenishable and oil production must inevitably peak and decline.
Controversy surrounds the theory.
M. King Hubbert noticed that the discoveries in the U.S. peaked in the 1930s, and concluded that production would peak in the 1970s.
The US peaked in 1971.
OPEC was able to manipulate oil prices, leading to the oil crisis in 1973.
Most other countries have also peaked.
city of Chernobyl was the site of the worst nuclear disaster in the post-1945 world.
Incompetent operators and the inherently unsafe design caused a reactor to explode on April 26, 1986.
Over 100,000 people were evacuated.
30 people died immediately and hundreds died later from exposure to radioactive materials.
Signed on March